The Northern Horses – Fourteenth in the Vaquero DVD Series
The Spaniards brought horses to Santa Fe in 1610. The majority of Plains Indians obtained these horses after a Native uprising known as the1680 Pueblo Revolt. The Spaniards retreated and the Pueblo People traded the horses to the Ute and Comanche tribes. In turn these tribes became the middlemen and traded with the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crow, Sioux and Shoshone. It changed their culture and was the birth of a spiritual bond between man and horse that still survives today.
The horses of the Northern Plains were different than those of the Southern Plains Indians. These were heavier boned and rangier than the Southwestern variety. The reason is the influence of the Canadian Horse, known as “The Little Iron Horse.” This animal could withstand harsh weather, scare food and was a tough, all around working horse. The Plains Indians bred this Canadian horse t their little Spanish horses and it increased their endurance. Sitting Bull was a breeder of these horses, and today, these horses’ bloodline still exists in the rolling hills of North Dakota.